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Dr Najjar did his PhD studies in Moscow in the Institute of Archaeology/USSR Academy of Science in 1981. From 1982 to 1988 he was the curator of the Jordan Archaeology Museum. In 1989 he became the director of archaeological excavations and surveys of the Department of Antiquities, remaining in this post until his retirement in 2007. Since then he has been actively involved in teaching, tour guide training, museum exhibition design and heritage site development with the aim of enhancing visitors’ experience.


Dr Najjar is author and co-author of numerous publications on archaeological research and heritage documentation using the latest technique of cyber archaeology for the management and presentation of the archaeological data. His most recent publication, New Insights into the Iron Age Archaeology of Edom, Southern Jordan co-authored with Thomas E. Levy and Erez Ben-Yosef (Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, University of California, Los Angeles, 2014, 2 volumes), is one the most significant academic works in archaeology of the last few years, and is likely to influence the future direction of Southern Levantine archaeology.


Dr Najjar’s main research interest is focused on the Neolithic Period 9,600–4,500 BCE, centring on the early domestication of landscapes, plants and animals, and on “deep time” study of mining and metallurgy in Southern Jordan (starting from 4,500 BCE).

With graduate degrees from Liberty University and Baltimore Hebrew University, Gary is a member of the board of directors of the Near East Archaeological Society (2000-present) and the American Society of Overseas Research. He also previously served as adjunct professor at Faith Theological Seminary in Towson, MD (2013-2018) and member of the board of directors of the Associates for Biblical Research (2004-2019).

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